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Tanzania

 

In Africa in December 1961 Tanganyika gained its independence followed by Zanzibar in December 1963 and on 26th October 1964 they merged to form the United Republic of Tanzania. Tanzania is one of the oldest known inhabited areas on Earth; fossil remains of humans and pre-human hominids have been found dating back over 2 million years. The official languages are Swahili and English. It has a population of about 43 million (2009 estimate) making it the 30th largest in the world. It covers 945,203 km² of which 6.2% is water. 80% of the population is rural and the economy is mostly based on agriculture.

Tanzania is the third largest producer of gold in Africa, after South Africa and Ghana

and is also known for Tanzanite. Its other natural resources include minerals and natural gas. Due to Tanzania’s climate and topography tourism is continually increasing. It is home to Mount Kilimanjaro, which at 5,895 meters (19,341ft) is the largest mountain in Africa. It also has Lake Victoria, Africa’s largest, and Lake Tanganika, Africa’s deepest. The world famous Serengeti National Park, Ngorongoro Crater and Selous Game Reserve also reside in Tanzania.

Tanzanian Tea Farmer

Tanzanian Tea Crop

Tanzania is bordered by Kenya and Uganda to the north, Rwanda, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the east and Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique to the south. The eastern border is on the Indian Ocean. Whilst Dodoma is the capital it is Dar es Salaam which is the largest city and also the major seaport for the country and its landlocked neighbours.

Tea was introduced to Tanzania by German settlers in 1902. Commercial production began in 1926 and increased considerably after World War II, when the British took over the tea plantations. Tanzania is currently the 4th major tea producer in Africa. It produces about 32,000 tonnes per annum, which constitutes 1% of the world tea production.